Science & Education

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The following proposals have received wide support in the World Parliament voting system. Many of these proposals are also followed by informative responses from other members which are not reproduced here, but can be found under 'Program' ; 'Science & Education' at the original website; www.tgde.org.


Contents

Increasing R&D Expenses in Developing Countries

created by MohdIqbal (302) - 24 May 2005, 15:37

The percentage of R&D expenses against GDP among third world countries are less as compared to other nations. One should agreed that in order to become developed country, the nation must spur more R&D activities in the country. This R&D findings could be commercialised and generate more income to the country. However, most of the reasons why the expenditure in this field could not be increase was due to limited fund for the researchers to engage themselve with R&D activities.

Despite the budget allocated by most of the nations in spurring these activities, it is still not sufficient. I would suggest that international financial institutions like World Bank and IMF could contribute their role in assisting the countries to raise this fund by providing soft loans. This assistance would definately be able to make changes in the economic and social status of the country.


IMF to Cease and Desist

created by swotty (991) - 29 May 2005, 03:07

The World Parliament condemns the International Monetary Fund for forcing poor nations to close schools and withdraw public funding for education to pay their debts to rich nations. These methods are proven to be of no benefit to the world community at large or to the companies and governments seeking to reclaim the money owed to them.


Boycott the propaganda press.

created by swotty (991) - 06 Sep 2005, 00:54

It is likely that you are reading this information from a country with strong international trade. This puts you in a position of power and responsibility over the fate of the world.

It is also likely that the majority of the information you receive through media is purchased for you in the interest of harnessing your power and reducing your awareness of your global responsibilities. Power is knowledge, and this power is being stolen from you.

The WPE advocates a boycott of ‘commercial’ media sources and encourages the consumption of independent media for more reliable and trustworthy sources of information.

A good ‘rule of thumb’ for media consumption; If it contains advertising, it has been paid for. If it is paid for, it is also being paid to omit information that may influence your financial and political decisions.

[Picture omitted] This is a silent protest from Australia’s Big Brother program. Info here.

Some good places to start;

Your local library.

New Internationalist Magazine.

Any radio and television stations that do not advertise.


Integration through education

created by jasper (62) - 22 May 2006, 15:23

A series of countries are currently experiencing problems with the integration of 2nd and 3rd generation immigrants. These pupils score significantly worse at school than their peers. I propose to employ more teachers with an ethnic background and thus stimulate integration through education.

*This proposal did not receive 'Yes' for >50% of the vote


Education, Integration, Intermediation

created by marina (53) - 04 Nov 2006, 10:50

Education has to be ensured on a basic level for all children in the world, especially regarding developing countries. Education has to be affordable for everyone. Furthermore, there have to be special integration programmes for children of immigration families in school & for their parents as well, so that they can learn the required language & become integrated in class & daily life, & not isolated. Children should be made aware of other cultures & I think it is a good idea to start learning a new language right at the beginning of primary school, in comparison to the scandinavian educational system. At least, there should be offers to learn the most common languages of immigrants, so that communication on both sides is possible. To come back to the scandinavian educational system as an ideal or model, schools have to be free of charge & learning aids like books have to be free as well, so that every family is able to send their child to school. It is possible to adapt the model of "no grades in school" until the 8th grade or so, but that's not my main topic at all ;)


Worldwide literacy

created by A. Grant (43) - 08 Nov 2006, 23:30

Illiteracy is both a cause and consequence of poverty, deprivation, and under-development. It is commonly accepted that the gains of development cannot reach the general population until basic education and literacy are provided to all. Literacy is also integral in understanding and participating in any political system. Recent UN survey indicate that up to 1 billion people are illiterate, 98% coming from developing countries and two thirds of them women.(1) This dire situation is being addressed, such as through the UN's 'Decade of Literacy' and and also NGO's such as 'Proliteracy International', but still more could be done.

It is proposed that a special task force and fund within UNESCO be created with the specific goal of raising international literacy to a standard of at least 95%; http://portal.unesco.org/education/en/ev.php-URL_ID=5000&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html


University fees

created by wpetester (95) - 11 Dec 2006, 22:30

It is important for the universities to be able to act independently, as for school fees. In comparison to other states it is not understandable how Germany has not asked for fees until now.

The universities need to become more independent; able to invest money into what they think is important. Everybody wishing to receive an education should be understanding that education has to cost money. Still 500 € are not a lot of money for one semester in comparison to universities from other countries. At least it is a beginning.

It is still a long way for Germany to have a high international university level. Until it will be able to be comparable to other international universities. But at least Germany is starting.

Let's hope that universities will soon be able to decide themselves how much the university fee has to be. More is hard for us students - but it probably is the right way.

*This proposal did not receive 'Yes' for >50% of the vote


Nuclear power/weapons

created by A. Grant (43) - 13 Dec 2006, 19:22

Napland must make two important decisions regarding Nuclear power. 1) Whether the country should produce its power through nuclear reactors and 2) Whether we will become a nuclear power by developing a nuclear weapons arsenal. Remember that our decisions will be recommendations to the rest of the world and the World Parliament i.e. do we recommend the use of nuclear power in the world and should a potential world parliament have control of nuclear weapons. Some information:

Current countries with declared nuclear weapons: France, U.S, U.K, Russia, North Korea, India, Pakistan, China There are currently 542 nuclear plants in the world operating across 31 countries.

Advantages of nuclear power plants against other mainstream energy resources are: • No greenhouse gas emissions (during normal operation) – • Does not pollute the air - zero production of dangerous and polluting gases such as carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, aerosols, mercury, nitrogen oxides, particulates or photochemical smog • Small solid waste generation (during normal operation) • Low fuel costs - because so little fuel is needed • Large fuel reserves - (e.g., in Canada and Australia) again, because so little fuel is needed • Nuclear Batteries

Disadvantages include: • Risk of major accidents - an example of the worst possible situation is what happened to Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant • Nuclear waste - high level radioactive waste produced can remain dangerous for thousands of years if not reprocessed. • Can help produce bombs - all designs of reactor can produce plutonium, aiding nuclear proliferation • High initial costs • High energy inputs during construction (equivalent to ~7 years power output) • High maintenance costs • Security concerns • High cost of decommissioning plants • Thermal pollution (although all power plants emit thermal pollution)

Proposals: For: Napland will posses nuclear weapons to act as a deterrent to rogue and other hostile states. It will also be a symbol of Napland’s world power

Against: Napland will lead the way in the reduction of nuclear weapons proliferation. It will be an example of a state that can conduct its international world relations without the need to resort to the threat of nuclear destruction.

For: Napland will use nuclear reactors to produce energy requirements. It will however conform to all of the world’s nuclear security and environmental guidelines

Against: 1) Napland will use traditional energy production means, i.e. burning fossil fuels 2) Napland will look to environmentally friendly means of power production. I.e. wind, water and thermal and solar power plants.


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