Human rights

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The following proposals have received wide support in the World Parliament voting system. Many of these proposals are also followed by informative responses from other members which are not reproduced here, but can be found under 'Program' ; 'Human rights' at the original website; www.tgde.org.


Contents

For Chinese Democracy

created by JKusumi (11) - 20 Jan 2005, 03:23

The GA is asked to decide,

Shall the GA/World Parliament extend its endorsement to demands of China's peaceful, non-violent pro-democracy movement? The nature of their demands generally are freedom, democracy, and human rights. As an example, six demands are highlighted below.

Shall the GA urge that the government of China release Wang Bingzhang? Dr. Wang is a New York-based dissident, captured by China while he was visiting Viet Nam. On trumped-up charges, without Dr. Wang being afforded due process of law, a Chinese court convicted him and sentenced him to life in prison. The UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention found that Dr. Wang is arbitrarily detained.

Shall the GA urge that the government of China release Yang Jianli? Dr. Yang is a Boston-based dissident, who returned to China to research labor unrest. China arrested him and, on trumped up charges, without due process of law, convicted him and sentenced him to five years' imprisonment.

Shall the GA urge that the government of Thailand release Lu Decheng and Zhao Wendong? These are two Chinese dissidents who escaped to Thailand and applied for refugee status. The government of China is said to have leaned on Thailand, which arrested them for illegal entry of Thailand, and has threatened to DEPORT these two men back to China, where they would face persecution.

Shall the GA urge that the government of China release Charles Li? Charles Li is a United States citizen, and member of the Falun Gong spiritual practice. He was arrested on a trip to China suspected of "preparing to sabotage" broadcast signals, and has been held indefinitely ever since.

Shall the GA urge that the government of China release Tulku Tenzin Delek Rinpoche? 'Tenzin Delek' is a revered religious figure, a monk of Tibetan Buddhism. To capture him, China literally raided a monastery. The Tibetan community is quite certain that Tenzin Delek was framed for crimes he didn't commit--and, denied due process. The U.S. Senate has called for the release of Tenzin Delek. China sentenced him to death two years ago and suspended the sentence for two years. He may be executed shortly, or his sentence may be commuted to life in prison.

--All of these are 'yes / no' questions, and can be submitted and voted on as a slate, because to be sympathetic to any of these cases, is to likely find that all of them are worthy. These are standing demands of the Chinese pro-democracy / human rights movement.


UN Commission on Human Rights must reform itself or risk irrelevance

created by Fabian (621) - 31 Jan 2005, 10:13

I kindly ask the mebers of the WPE to support the following:

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By failing to act promptly and effectively, the United Nations Commission on Human Rights risks becoming irrelevant. The Commission is the pre-eminent human rights body within the UN. It was created to uphold human rights and denounce violations wherever they occur. But instead, time and time again, the Commission has behaved in a highly fractious, self-interested, politically expedient manner, turning a blind eye to human rights violations and allowing perpetrators to operate with impunity.

Countries with appalling human rights records, such as Algeria, China, Indonesia, Saudi Arabia, Russia and Zimbabwe, have escaped serious scrutiny, while the scandalous situation of detainees held by the United States at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, has not even made it to the Commission´s agenda.

All too often the Commission has ignored the finding and recommendations of its own rapporteurs and experts. All too often, Commission members have failed to implement the resolutions and decisions of the Commission, damaging its credibility and undermining its effectiveness.

We challenge the Commission to reform itself by establishing transparent and objective criteria for selecting the countries it will scrutinise, and by putting in place a more effective system for monitoring and evaluating the implementation by States of the Commission´s recommendations.

Over the next six weeks the Commission is expected to consider the human rights situation in some 20 countries and address a range of thematic issues. The WPE is calling on the Commission to give urgent attention to Haiti where a human rights catastrophe is unfolding as regime supporters and past perpetrators agitate against the background of a UN-sanctioned intervention, and to Iraq where escalating violence continues to endanger civilian lives as plans are made to hand power to an Iraqi government. The WPE is also calling on the Commission to take up the human rights situation in Nepal, which is experiencing the highest level of violence since 1996, and in the Sudan where fresh conflict in the Darfur region has affected tens of thousands of people.


Human Rights Violation - 2004, A Report from the Amnesty International

created by Rehman Khan (22) - 27 May 2005, 18:27

AMNESTY International’s report for 2004 presents a bleak human rights picture worldwide and holds some leading democracies guilty of some of the worst kind of abuses. Throughout Asia, Africa, the Americas and Europe, the report says, the year 2004 saw gross human rights violations, including torture, illegal detentions, disappearances and the denial of due process of law.

The report refers to human rights violations by the US in many places around the world, Israel in Palestine and India, the last one with regard to abuses in occupied Kashmir and the failure to take action against those involved in the Gujarat massacres in 2002. Russia, for HR abuses in Chechnya, besides Egypt, Israel, Nepal and Uzbekistan all have been indicted for continued violations of human rights.

the report notes how the “war on terror” has been used as a cover by the US to mount an attack on human rights and how the US military has developed an entirely new jargon to justify torture — like “stress positions” or “sensory manipulations”. This way, AI accuses the US of granting “a licence to others to commit abuse with impunity and audacity”.

As the AI report says the international community has shown a lack of will and the means to prevent rights’ abuses throughout the world.


Grant a subsistence income unconditionally to every man, woman, and child.

created by jabel (166) - 14 Jun 2006, 23:19

The highest purpose of politics is to promote and safeguard individual human rights.

The most fundamental human right is the right to life once it has been gifted by nature.

The right to life implies the right to the means of life.

In a mature, technological society this right is implemented via an unconditional subsistence income sufficient to sustain a simple but healthful lifestyle.

It can be financed by a small fraction of the economic value inherent in the capacity of modern technology (i.e. our common industrial and cultural heritage) to create wealth with progressively less need for direct human labour.


Lebanon/Israel: Israel must disclose details of cluster bomb attacks and accept a full investigation

created by Fabian (621) - 07 Sep 2006, 08:58

1138357294-FDPkoeniossib1374.jpg-thumb.jpg The President of the WPE today called on Israel to immediately provide maps of the areas of Lebanon into which it fired cluster bombs during the recent conflict to enable their clearance and prevent further civilian casualties.

Publishing new accounts from the victims of unexploded cluster bombs, the President also called on Israel to cooperate in a full and impartial investigation into their use of such munitions during the recent conflict.

The calls followed a report from the United Nations that 90 percent of Israeli cluster bomb strikes occurred in the last 72 hours of the conflict when a ceasefire was in sight. The U.N. Mine Action Coordination Center has so far identified more than 400 bomb strike areas that are contaminated with as many as 100,000 unexploded bomblets.

Investigators in Lebanon have found numerous unexploded cluster bombs in villages and even, in some cases, inside homes.

”The use of cluster bombs in the heart of where people live clearly violates the prohibition on indiscriminate attacks and is therefore a grave violation of international humanitarian law,” said the President of the WPE. "It is outrageous that, despite official requests from the United Nations, Israel has still not provided maps for the areas it targeted with cluster bombs. This failure is further endangering the lives of Lebanese civilians, particularly children."

Cluster munitions spread bomblets over a wide area and many of them do not explode on impact, remaining lethal to the civilian population.

"Cluster bombs are effectively antipersonnel mines. Their widespread use in Lebanon by the Israeli military is already taking a heavy toll on the hundreds of thousands of ordinary men, women and children returning to their homes. The US, which is the main supplier of arms to Israel, and other countries, should not provide such weapons and commit to a worldwide moratorium on their use."

The President reiterated that Israel's use of cluster bombs underlined the need for an immediate and comprehensive UN investigation into this and other violations of international humanitarian law committed by both Israel and Hizbullah during this conflict. Janos Abel


UN Commission on Human Rights must reform itself or risk irrelevance

created by Fabian (621) - 01 Oct 2006, 15:11

I kindly ask the mebers of the WPE to support the following:

By failing to act promptly and effectively, the United Nations Commission on Human Rights risks becoming irrelevant. The Commission is the pre-eminent human rights body within the UN. It was created to uphold human rights and denounce violations wherever they occur. But instead, time and time again, the Commission has behaved in a highly fractious, self-interested, politically expedient manner, turning a blind eye to human rights violations and allowing perpetrators to operate with impunity.

Countries with appalling human rights records, such as Algeria, China, Indonesia, Saudi Arabia, Russia and Zimbabwe, have escaped serious scrutiny, while the scandalous situation of detainees held by the United States at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, has not even made it to the Commission´s agenda.

All too often the Commission has ignored the finding and recommendations of its own rapporteurs and experts. All too often, Commission members have failed to implement the resolutions and decisions of the Commission, damaging its credibility and undermining its effectiveness.

We challenge the Commission to reform itself by establishing transparent and objective criteria for selecting the countries it will scrutinise, and by putting in place a more effective system for monitoring and evaluating the implementation by States of the Commission´s recommendations.

Over the next six weeks the Commission is expected to consider the human rights situation in some 20 countries and address a range of thematic issues. The WPE is calling on the Commission to give urgent attention to Haiti where a human rights catastrophe is unfolding as regime supporters and past perpetrators agitate against the background of a UN-sanctioned intervention, and to Iraq where escalating violence continues to endanger civilian lives as plans are made to hand power to an Iraqi government. The WPE is also calling on the Commission to take up the human rights situation in Nepal, which is experiencing the highest level of violence since 1996, and in the Sudan where fresh conflict in the Darfur region has affected tens of thousands of people.


Freedom of Speech

created by aiabarcol (83) - 25 Oct 2006, 02:43

On 18 October, 2006, United States President George W. Bush signed into law House Resolution 6166, also known as the Military Commissions Act of 2006. The text of the law can be found at the Library of Congress Online search results, HR 6166

This law, now passed, erases 600 years of legal tradition. The Writ of Habeas Corpus is overturned. The common arguments supporting the law argue that the law only applies to Unlawful Enemy Combatants, but the wording of the definition of Unlawful Enemy Combatant is such that any American who does not exhibit allegiance to the Bush Administration and be charged as an Unlawful Enemy Combatant and stripped of their Habeas Corpus rights. This can happen to anyone in the world.

This law is a travesty for the entire planet. I propose that the WPE stand firmly in opposition to this terrible legislation and petition the United States Government to immediately rescind it as an immediate and pressing threat to the safety and security of the people of the world.


Success in the Arms Trade Treaty vote!

created by Fabian (621) - 27 Oct 2006, 16:44

Dear Members of the World Parliament Experiment,

after three years' hard work by Control Arms campaigners all around the world including the World Parliament Experiment, the UN voted in October 2006 in favour of a resolution to start work on an Arms Trade Treaty. The new resolution commits the United Nations to set up a Group of Governmental Experts to establish the basis of “a comprehensive, legally binding instrument establishing common international standards for the import, export and transfer of conventional arms” – An Arms Trade Treaty.

control_arms.jpg

Thanks to pressure from campaigners before the vote, not only did the text of the treaty change to include a direct reference to Human Rights Law and International Humanitarian Law, but 116 countries agreed to co-sponsor the resolution and 139 countries voted in favour of it. This treaty will have a real impact on the arms trade, and will ultimately prevent weapons ending up in the hands of human rights abusers, and fuelling conflict and poverty. Pressure works, the more we are the better we can influence the development of the world. This is the idea behind the WPE. We can do it together! Thank you for your support.

Fabian Speaker of the WPE

Join Control Arms today, add your face to the petition.


Viet Nam: Internet repression creates climate of fear

created by Fabian (621) - 27 Oct 2006, 16:56

Dear Members of the WPE, I kindly ask you to support the following:

A new report by amnesty international released today reveals a climate of fear in Viet Nam, with people afraid to post information online and Internet café owners forced to inform on their customers. Individuals are harassed, detained and imprisoned for expressing their peaceful political views online, with fear of prosecution fuelling widespread self-censorship.

But the report also reveals a growing network of activists and campaigners who are defying government controls and using the Internet to discuss global democracy, human rights, as well as a fledgling democracy movement that is growing online.

The report comes one week before a UN meeting to discuss the future of the Internet – the Internet Governance Forum in Athens – where governments, companies and NGOs will discuss freedom of expression online and other issues. A WPE delegation will deliver a petition signed by over 42,000 supporters of its irrepressible.info campaign, calling for an end to Internet repression.

People in Viet Nam can be thrown in jail for the click of a mouse. The authorities have created a climate of fear, with online informers keeping track of web users. Those who stand up for free speech are publicly harassed and persecuted.

But a growing number of brave activists are defying Internet repression and using the Internet to fight for human rights an global democracy. And the global nature of the Internet means that people all over the world can help call for greater online freedoms in Viet Nam – and support our campaign to free Vietnamese cyber-dissidents.

The Vietnamese authorities must stop trying to stifle free speech online, and release the web users that have been unfairly imprisoned.

The WPE is asking people to go to http://irrepressible.info, where they can support its campaign against Internet repression and email the Vietnamese authorities, demanding the release of people imprisoned for expressing their peaceful political beliefs online.

The report details the Vietnamese authorities’ tightening of control over the Internet in recent years. Internet Service Providers are required to inform on web users; Internet café owners are required to monitor and inform on customers; and web users themselves are required to inform on sites that oppose the state. Laws ban web users from spreading information that causes “harm to national security or social order”.

Filtering and blocking of websites is also on the increase, according to the report. And while the Vietnamese authorities claim that filtering is for the protection of web users from pornography, a recent OpenNet Initiative report found little filtering of such material. Instead, blocked sites are those referring to known dissidents or mentioning democracy and human rights.


Internet Freedom

created by Fabian (621) - 30 Nov 2006, 09:29

Please support my pledge on Internet freedom

I believe the Internet should be a force for political freedom, not repression. People have the right to seek and receive information and to express their peaceful beliefs online without fear or interference.

I call on governments to stop the unwarranted restriction of freedom of expression on the Internet – and on companies to stop helping them do it.

Fabian Kyrieleis Speaker of the WPE

GuantÃnamo Bay - a human rights scandal

created by Fabian (697) - 20 Feb 2007, 19:08

Dear members of the World Parliament, please support the following:

It is now over five years since the first detainees were transferred to the detention camp at the US Naval Base in Guantánamo Bay, Cuba.

Image:guantanamo.jpg

Despite widespread international condemnation, hundreds of people of more than 30 nationalities are still there: without charge, and with little hope of obtaining a fair trial.

Enough is enough!

GuantÃnamo Bay is a symbol of injustice and abuse.

The World Parliament Experiment demands:

It must be closed down.


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