Economic Aid & Sustainable Development

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The following proposals have received wide support in the World Parliament voting system. Many of these proposals are also followed by informative responses from other members which are not reproduced here, but can be found under 'Program' ; 'Economic Aid & Sustainable Development' at the original website; www.tgde.org.


Contents

Public Service and Education Program

created by balaenoptera (12) - 24 Jan 2005, 20:52

I propose the creation of economic aid in form of seed money to establish a Public Service and Educational Program. The money provided in form of economic aid or taxation of existing profitable economy infrastructure will go to fund public service projects commonly needed in a society and democratically governed system. Such public service projects include but are not limited to building renewable energy sources, sanitation systems, transportation, teaching and education, conservation, and health services. Any student is encouraged to join a three year program upon reaching the minimum required high school level of education. During these three years a participant will earn credits needed to complete a college, vocational, or trade skills education. Such program structure would enable a society to pay for public projects through taxation while at the same providing its young citizenship with skills, knowledge, maturity, and the entitlement to a higher degree of education without drastic financial burden on the individual.


Social and Environmental standards should be part of the WTO agenda

created by Sundaram (24) - 05 Feb 2005, 12:27

When more and more aspects of the trade issues are getting liberalised, it starts affecting a whole lot of social and environmental policies in all countries. There should not be a race to the bottom in standards. Moreover, the need to make social and environmental standards legally binding all over the world is getting more and more important. These standards are desperately needed to regulate (to give a soul) the globalisation. In a way this, is needed for all nations: poor and developing nations need these standards for increasing their labour, health and environmental standards which otherwise would never happen; for rich nations, their cherished standards need not go down in facing competition.

I request the members to wholeheartedly support this initiative to make these standards part of the WTO agenda.


World Water Policy

created by alternz (1033) - 09 May 2005, 09:15

The World Parliament can only endorse the World Water Council's recommendation that the world should move towards full-cost pricing of all water services if that action includes recognition that the water resource belongs equally to all individuals and includes the institution of a system that will enable the people to make an income from selling their water rights to industrial users and any others using more than their share.


Tsunami: Assistance Promissed

created by MohdIqbal (302) - 27 Jun 2005, 10:46

WPE is urging the United Nations to start following up with some countries which has halready committed themselves to channel the assistance in the form of funds etc to those affected victims soon. There are cases that these countries are not keep their promissed (Not to mention the name of the country). This is not a good ethics (gaining international publicity for political purposes, during the disaster). After 6 months, the victims are still strugling in sustaining for their life!


Abolish all noxious debt

created by *babaj* (38) - 27 Jun 2005, 18:40

The 0.7 % of GDP G8 countries pledge to give to poor countries by 2015 is less than rich countries extract in debt payments. A lot of that debt is "noxious debt" accumulated by corrupt Military dictators put in place by the CIA. The world parliament realises the moral abhorrence evident in this situation, and calls to all countries to abolish all noxious debt.


Millennium Villages

created by Junge (39) - 23 Oct 2006, 16:13

The Millennium Villages are based on a single powerful idea: impoverished villages can transform themselves and meet the Millennium Development Goals if they are empowered with proven, powerful, practical technologies. The General Assembly is kindly asked to support the fight against poverty. (Get involved at the Millennium Promise: Buy a Bednet; Write a letter; Host an event)


Computers for the world!!

created by GERONIMO (48) - 08 Nov 2006, 23:40

I herby demand a commitmand (maybe even forced by federal laws) of the members of world's flourishing economies to support the socially disadvantaged societies in the world. The main goal of this campaign should be an effort to try to work against an increasing gap of potential access to communication and information on the internet. Otherwise the process of the poor being poorer will reach an lever even worse than today. This is a topic everyone should participate in. This would be an attempt to work against misery in the world using modern resources such as our technology.


What does sustainable development mean?

created by Huggsy (388) - 29 Nov 2006, 00:01

I propose that members of the GA consider the meaning of "sustainable development", with a view to forming a consensus on what developments we support as individuals and a parliament.

If you consider the world to be a finite physical system then human development must surely reach a balance with the supporting chemical and biological processes of the planet, otherwise one or the other will collapse. Does this mean that economic growth can go on forever, in its current form, and in all countries?

I propose that the widespread use of the phrase "sustainable development" should be challenged here and in the wider media, I would like to hear from members what they think and mean when they say "sustainable development".


Is lowering population a problem or need?

created by Milan Malej (73) - 05 Jan 2007, 22:27

Is lowering population a problem or need?


Abstract of the proposal

Answering to whom: Nari (wpetester)

Answering to subject: Demographical issues

Connected to: Forum / World Democracy in Theory / Is lowering population a problem or need?

Addressing the public: World Parliament Experiment – General Assembly Members of Coalition for World Parliament and World Democracy

Proposals: Create programs for lowering human population Assure healthy food for all people Return parts of the Earth to the wild nature Tax people to build equal conditions for children education Build pension system entirely on solidarity base

Contents: History and current state Looking over the state borders Taxing (for) families Pensioning problem

Explanations: How foreigners use family acceleration programs? Human expansion and our dependency on the nature Dependencies of poor and over-populated Corrupted western governments Lowering energy consumption Why (not) tax people without children? Where is the money for more pensions?


Dear friends!


This is shortened version of my answer to the proposal Demographical issues, written by Nari (wpetester). The original article is on the Forum / World Democracy in Theory / Is lowering population a problem or need?

Because of complexity of the question I will try to explain my views before I write my own proposal. I try to look to the problem through other perspectives, from a distance, to see the whole world, what is happening today with the world population and why. I must say that in general I can't support this proposal, but his suggestion to improve work conditions for women should be realized everywhere. I agree with Alternz and Huggsy, and partly also with Mike Schneider and Eva Spilkova.


History and current state

The demographical problem, as seen by Nari is a view inside of a developped country, inside Germany. In Slovenia we had after 2nd World War and we still have the same problem. We have a large percent of "imported" working people, mostly from other republics of former Yugoslavia. Still in the communistic state there were much better conditions for young mothers. The working places have been waiting for them during having baby and the salary, paid by state, was almost the same as in the time of working.

Now the time for maternity leave has been prolonged, but its costs have been transferred from state to the employers. They make contracts only for a few months and in case of pregnancy don't prolong them. It's quite normal that women postpone with having babies.

In this part of article I want to show how the false family politics in Slovenia missed its target. The benefits given by the state to stimulate natality are used mostly by less educated women of foreign workers to support their large families. They are in large degree unemployed and they are not under the pressure of losing job because of pregnancy.


Looking over the state borders

But when we try to work in the direction of a new world regulation, we should try to look to the world "from space". We must see the entire globe, not only single countries. With such look we see that the humankind has conquered the entire planet and that we leave with our homes, industry, agriculture and traffic less and less living space to other living sorts.


Living space and natural filters

We all know that with accepting "People, people everywhere" we will not be able to live healthy life and share the planet in symbiosis with all other living sorts. Accepting this "motto" of the human freedom leads us into total not understanding what nature is and how much we are really dependent from it.

1• Our food still grows from the ground, no matter how much nitrates and pesticides we use to force the growth of non-resistant crops from exhausted soil. 2• More and more people realize that many "modern" diseases come from non-natural life and from artificially grown food. So they (we) demand and seek natural produces. The same surfaces can provide healthy food for much less people than we take from soil today. 3• There are pressures to the fields to grow additional industry plants for substitutive energy to the fossil fuels. 4• The air we breath and water we drink come from natural sources, which are able to clean our natural waste. 5• With concentrating people and our industry in larger and larger towns we began to overload these natural filters. But industry and our consumer redirection added also artificial waste, which is unable to be processed and decomposed by these natural filters.


Reasons of spreading humankind

1• Searching of its own space for hunt and planting food and avoiding of enemies dominated almost all the time of our existence. 2• Searching of natural treasures like gold caused mostly expansion of white man in last few hundred years. Collecting treasures in older civilisations didn't force them to search new places. 3• Searching of natural goods like metal ores and energy compounds predominated in last 100 years. 4• Avoiding of our own waste takes place in last few decades.


Proprietary predomination over nature

When the man spread, he seized land, waters, natural goods and other living sorts. Who came first to one place he took the right to exploit that part. If he found there other people, the relations were established by wars. In this way the property relations developped, which are today legislated as the only proper relations.

One of ideas of the new system (new world order) I propose is also to return parts of the Earth entirely to the wild life, without human ownership and without possibility for people to do any activity there. This will also limit the fields and our living space and we will be forced to lower our population. Also if we deny our respect toward wild and natural life, the wild surfaces are necessary as warranty that humanity living space will not spread over that borders and that we will keep sufficient extent of natural filters for cleaning our own waste. It is nothing else than keeping the conditions for our own survival.


Human expansion in numbers

It is truth that some nations (or better groups of nations) have done unbelievable "prosperity" in expanding of its population. In last 50 years approximately:

•Asia came from 1400 millions to 3900 millions, •Africa from 220 mil. to 900 mil., •S.and M. America from 170 mil. to 560 mil., •N. America from 170 mil. to 330 mil., •Europa from 550 mil. to 730 mil. and •Oceania from 12 mil. to 32 mil. •World came from 2500 millions to 6500 millions.


This enlargement happened because of falling some control mechanisms of population growth that worked well in the past. Most of them are connected with uncontrolled exploitation of the natural goods.


Eastern mass production

Many politically independent and military strong countries of the East began to develop massive export of simple and cheap products, made mostly by little paid (also children) workers. With transferring production units into these countries the multinational companies gave them also the technology for complicated products. The mass attack of eastern products caused west prices to fall. The West buys still most of the products made by China, Japan and other smaller countries around. The autocratic regimes in most of these countries leave people without understanding how they are dependent on imported energy and on exported products. The production and population grow and grow.

But who is maintaining these economic conditions?

We must be aware that in developped West countries and former Soviet Union live only about 21% of world population and that we consume about 75% of the world energy.


Western mass consumption

As the East will be able to survive with far less people, the West will be able to survive with far less energy consumption. That can be achieved by adapting our energy needs to the level of East and beginning to live much more humble, with much less unnecessary goods for much more work. The lowering of energy consumption can be done also by population diminishing, but probably the combination of both will be necessary. The lowering of the eastern population is the condition to survive with enough living space for themselves and for the nature around them, with enough fields for harvesting healthy food and with industry which would be able to function also in conditions of energy deficiency and impossibility of export (so much). The lowering of western population will contribute significantly to the lowering of total energy consumption.

All predictions about fossil fuel reserves go maximally up to 50 years forward. It is clear that using this energy will have to be drastically reduced and replaced with other (renewable) sources.

We must know why and who is accelerating our consuming way of life. We must be aware of corruption and capital connections between our politics and fossil energy production. This support will enable capital to control and keep the development of renewable energy sources in enough small extent, which will not "endanger" the exploitation of fossil fuels. I try to show how the population diminishing will contribute to the faster realization of renewable energy.


Taxing (for) families

We shall look this "demographical problem" of lowering natality at rich nations also from the side of direct reasons why this happens.

There are also reasons why large families grow. It seems that with false family accelerating and taxing politics we act exactly in the opposite directions as wished. With additional taxing we can't force people to have (more) children. We must understand difficult situations, in which people postpone with having children and help them to make their situations more appropriate for child breeding. The additional factors to be analysed are certain human rights and quality of family life.


Pensioning problem

In the process of decreasing population certainly the relative number of older will increase. At the same taxing conditions they will get as a whole less for their pensions. To give them approximately the same as to previous generations, one (or more) of following must happen:

• Young must work more. • Young must be taxed more for the same work. • Taxes must be redirected also from other sources to the pensions. • Older will get at the same taxing lower pensions. • Older must work longer.

Which from these options is fair? In the article I try to analyse the situation when the population was growing. From the pension taxing in that period we see where the money, which is missing today in the pension fund, is hiding. For the simplicity of managing inter-generation solidarity, I propose a complete pension system to be built on the solidarity base. The solidarity is already used in great extent because pensions are paid out in the periods, which have no connection with paid pension taxes.


Proposal

So, according to this text and also to my own answers to set questions, it seems to me urgent – not to accept family acceleration programs for rising natality but – to accept programs for lowering natality and population in different parts of the world differently. In a few generations the number of people in particular world regions should come to the level which would be able to survive with food, grown in that region. After certain time the regulation will return the population regeneration back to the normal (simple) reproduction frame.

Making this we must also begin to seriously act in many directions of preserving our environment and nature, assuring human rights (especially of the children) and rights of the nature. These fields are closely, consequently or casually connected with population lowering.


Best regards Milan


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